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11_JUC_ReadWriteLock读写锁

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2019-08-26 / 0 评论 / 0 点赞 / 23,474 阅读 / 1,128 字 / 正在检测是否收录...
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11_JUC_ReadWriteLock读写锁

ReadWriteLock:读写锁
写写/读写:需要互斥
读读:不需要互斥

ReadWriteLock维护了两个锁,一个是读的锁,一个是写的锁,读的锁可以被多个读线程并发的持有,而写的锁是独占(排他)的。

方法:

  • Lock readLock()
  • Lock writeLock()
package top.tomxwd.juc;

import java.util.concurrent.locks.ReadWriteLock;
import java.util.concurrent.locks.ReentrantReadWriteLock;

/**
 * ReadWriteLock:读写锁
 * 写写/读写:需要互斥
 * 读读:不需要互斥
 */
public class TestReadWriteLock {

    /**
     * 1个线程去写,100个线程去读
     * @param args
     */
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        final ReadWriteLockDemo rw = new ReadWriteLockDemo();
        // 写
        new Thread(new Runnable() {
            public void run() {
                rw.set((int)(Math.random()*100));
            }
        },"Write").start();
        // 读
        for (int i = 0; i < 100; i++) {
            new Thread(new Runnable() {
                public void run() {
                    rw.get();
                }
            },"Read").start();
        }

    }

}

class ReadWriteLockDemo {

    private int number = 0;

    private ReadWriteLock lock = new ReentrantReadWriteLock();

    /**
     * 读操作
     */
    public void get(){
        // 上锁
        lock.readLock().lock();
        try {
            System.out.println(Thread.currentThread().getName()+" : "+number);
        } finally {
            // 释放锁
            lock.readLock().unlock();
        }
    }

    /**
     * 写操作
     */
    public void set(int number){
        //上锁
        lock.writeLock().lock();
        try {
            System.out.println(Thread.currentThread().getName());
            this.number = number;
        } finally {
            // 释放锁
            lock.writeLock().unlock();
        }
    }

}
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